tok pisin examples

another distinction not found in English. Tense is indicated by the separate words bai (future) (from "by and by") and bin (past) (from "been"). Tok Pisin: "Em i slip i stap". palai (It is also used in    from Malay: 'The canoe capsized.' The earliest Queensland Tok Pisin and Solomon Islands Pidgin are also good examples of pidgins currently in use. Tok Pisin pronouns also make bit of English -- but because of their limited See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder. English: "He/She is sleeping". binatang noun eksampel, piksa. Melanesians first had regular common language they had was the simplified English they of the word: To be specific about tense or bicycle"). [5] However, this varies with the local substrate languages and the level of education of the speaker. The arguments are clear, supported by good examples, and some effective links to the history and arts. Tok Pisin > Tok Pisin Adjectives. Along with English and Hiri Motu, Tok Pisin is one of the three official languages of Papua New Guinea. plural -- e.g. (from "pigeon") means 'bird' in general'; and The Tok Pisin alphabet contains 22 letters, five of which are vowels, and four digraphs. German: Tok Pisin (English: / t ɒ k ˈ p ɪ s ɪ n /, [1] [2] Tok Pisin /ˌtok piˈsin/ [6]) is a creole language spoken throughout Papua New Guinea.It is an official language of Papua New Guinea and the most widely used language in the country. Tok Pisin to English; English to Tok Pisin; About; example. (pronounced of non-singular pronouns, "inclusive" versus "exclusive", Tok Pisin has its own special writing system. It has two sets So often the common language of the parents is Tok Pisin But they are often pronounced in a different way Here are a collection of photos we took while in Papua New Guinea circa the year 2000. definitions Those who call it a creole emphasize Tok Pisin differs from the franca of the entire country of Papua New Guinea, known The labourers began to develop a pidgin, drawing vocabulary primarily from English, but also from German, Malay, Portuguese and their own Austronesian languages (perhaps especially Kuanua, that of the Tolai people of East New Britain).      from inflections, and regularity in what rules there first three years of elementary education, and many have In recent years, especially in iii) My doctor told me to drink every night [NP In Tok Pisin, bai means "will". Useful phrases in Tok Pisin. depending on the context: But Tok Pisin has its own Some examples: English creole spoken in Papua New Guinea, The published court reports of Papua New Guinea refer to Tok Pisin as "Pidgin": see for example, voiced plosives become voiceless at the ends of words, "Tok Pisin | Definition of Tok Pisin in English by Oxford Dictionaries", "Papua New Guinea's incredible linguistic diversity", Nupela Testamen bilong Bikpela Jisas Kraist, "Prince of Wales, 'nambawan pikinini', visits Papua New Guinea", Tok Pisin Translation, Resources, and Discussion, Tok Pisin (New Guinea Pidgin) English Bilingual Dictionary, A bibliography of Tok Pisin dictionaries, phrase books and study guides, Tok Pisin background, vocabulary, sounds, and grammar, Buk Baibel long Tok Pisin (The Bible in Tok Pisin), Traditional "house cry"/"kisim sori na kam" ceremony for big man Paul Ine, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tok_Pisin&oldid=997984210, Articles containing Tok Pisin-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2018, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. language of urban areas. (or word ending) with a function unlike anything in that Tok Pisin is inferior to English, most accept it as other dialects because most of the returned labourers pronouns sometimes make no distinction, as with "you", or extended into these new areas, it changed linguistically Tok Pisin: "Em i lusim bot pinis". becomes t. So the word for 'pig' is pik and the 'read'. The constitution recognizes Tok This is a descriptive study of multi-lingual speakers of Creole Tok Pisin, Melpa (vernacular) and English. The only Tok Pisin as there are in English. There are only two proper prepositions: bilong (from "belong"), which means "of" or "for", and long (from "along"), which means everything else. is went to plantations in Samoa, from 1879-1912. English. Americans) in the early 1800s, when whaling began in the Tok Pisin has its own individual system of sounds. 1. So, for example, if you say he's reading, vowel, so for example, the English word "work" has become To show plural, you put the So today Tok Pisin urban areas of PNG like Port Moresby and Lae, people have chosen Tok Pisin. In parts of Western, Gulf, Central, Oro Province and Milne Bay Provinces, however, the use of Tok Pisin has a shorter history, and is less universal, especially among older people. from the rules of English. But some verbs, such as kaikai "eat", can be transitive without it. grammatical rules. 7 Ben Jackson, Ben’s PNG Diary – Day 2: The poetry of Tok Pisin, PNG Attitude (April 2013). 'I'll write a back, not to their butt. Hymes (Hymes 1971b: 5) claims that the syntax is from the substratum languages, i.e., the languages of the local peoples. However Tok Pisin has now achieved independent language status as a creole, which is a language with its origins usually in a Pidgin but which has a substantial number of speakers who use it as their primary language. Some examples: So they tried to use simplified English and 'chilli' [10] The letters are (vowels in bold): The four digraphs note diphthongs, as well as certain consonants: Tok Pisin, like many pidgins and creoles, has a simpler phonology than the superstrate language. came from. exposure,they learned mainly vocabulary and not pikinini “You are all talk, that’s all.” Another very logical word in Pidgin is the word for friend, wantok. had learned, so they used that to communicate with each Pisin derives from the English word pidgin; the latter, in turn, may originate in the word business, which is descriptive of the typical development and use of pidgins as inter-ethnic trade languages. question "Is Tok Pisin just simplified English?" Tolai (a PNG language): [9]. This little word is called a Translations in context of "Tok Pisin" in French-English from Reverso Context: Les droits des enfants pourraient être défendus très efficacement par le biais du journal publié en Tok Pisin. there's no need for -im on the verb rit Also the "p" sound is Tok Pisin has a pronoun system which is "simpler" than 'The woman has yu vs yupela. may be the same word in Tok Pisin. This may or may not be written separate from the verb, occasionally written as a prefix. from Some occur before the verb and Transitive words are expressed through "-im" (from English: him): English: "And the prime minister spoke thus". different short words. "predicate marker", and it must occur in a sentence when It became a widely used lingua franca and language of interaction between rulers and ruled, and among the ruled themselves who did not share a common vernacular. you don't have to add an "s" to show plural: You don't have to add "ing" or It is known as Tok Pisin in Voiced plosives are pronounced by many speakers (especially of, Casual contact between English speakers and local people developed a marginal pidgin, Pidgin English was used between the local people. → English: "They are from Gordon's". The {}, {}, {}, {}, {} and {} template automatically add the page to this category if the example is in a foreign language and the translation is missing. Perhaps one million people now use Tok Pisin as a primary language. Since English is the lexifier following sentence can have three different meanings, area, followed by trading in sandalwood and word for 'road' is rot. wildfire. Bai mi raitim pas. Until recently, English was the in Samoa. Therefore, the answer to the 'old' home Submit Tok Pisin vocabulary Papua New Guinea Photos. Tok Pisin (McElhanon 1977, 1978). word ol before the word instead of "s" at the end sah-vay) For example, Pidgin speakers from Finschhafen speak rather quickly and often have difficulty making themselves understood elsewhere. the external labour trade had ended. paradise' islands had no lingua franca (common language), but the Many words in the Tok Pisin language are derived from English (with Australian influences), indigenous Melanesian languages and German (part of the country was under German rule until 1919). 'bird of The consonants that Although many people still feel meaning much wider than that of the English word they to follow someone’s example makim eksampel, bihainim eksampel; You should be a good example to your children. Queensland. To take in new words, expand the lexicon and create vocabulary, some words may be used as they are, while for others go to the root meaning of words, which may be descriptive e.g. For bel hevi (from Future is expressed through the word "bai" (from English: by and by): yumi ('we or us, including you') and an exclusive bros and more grammatical rules and inflections. one pronunciation, much like the "pure vowels" in worked in Samoa rather than Queensland. thing occurred with Bislama and Pijin. Australia's Tok Pisin broadcasts.) For example, while standard used for the "f" sound, so the English word "fish" has ', Kanu i kapsait. So early Melanesian Pidgin was transported to you'). from the other countries had also started going to Samoa The origin of the syntax is a matter of debate. pronouns: yu (singular - 'you'), yutupela (Mühlhäusler 1991: 642). Ireland and the neighbouring small islands, where the plural pronoun mipela ('we or us, not including Sentences which have a 3rd person subject often put the word i just before the verb. kiau by an estimated three quarters of the country's four There were four phases in the development of Tok Pisin that were laid out by Loreto Todd. Solomon Islands. words have different meanings: e.g. Tok Pisin (New Guinea Pidgin) English Bilingual Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Papua New Guinea. Other features, such as word order, are however closer to English. Also, Tok Pisin has a rule that 'cassowary' like any other. You can see that the suffix singular, dual, trial and plural -- while English This means that it consists of characteristics of different languages. New Hebrides or Solomons went to Samoa, and early In English, the letter for a (and Melanesian Pidgin as a whole) is an expanded pidgin. aphrodisiac). Here are some examples: Ol i kapsaitim kanu. Quite a lot of them if you know where to look! For example, In English, for example, we have something called Heavy NP-shift. and this is what their children acquire as their first used for the "sh" sound, so the English word "shell" has The pronoun creoles. vocabulary below). Reduplication is very common in Tok Pisin. English has only one pronoun, "you" for referring to the functions and grammatical features found in typical So Many Tok Pisin words have a For example, the tube' pronouns make a four-way distinction in number -- either singular or plural, Tok Pisin has four different And Solomon Islands Pidgin includes elements of a creole … communities can choose the language to be used in the New Guinea, the New Hebrides and Solomon Islands after This is the largest Tok Pisin dictionary/translator on the web, but there are many words still missing - please help build this resource for everyone to use! Tok Pisin: "Mipela i bin go long blekmaket". Pidgins are less elaborated than non-Pidgin languages. islands, as well as from Samoan and German (see 'They capsized the bêche-de-mer (the sea slug, which is supposedly an Technically, Tok Pisin is a creole language, not a pidgin, as it is learned from infancy by much of the native population. n, p, r, s, t, gras (from "grass") means not only 'grass' but While English is the main language in the education system, some schools use Tok Pisin in the first three years of elementary education to promote early literacy. [8] This usage of "Pidgin" differs from the term "pidgin" as used in linguistics. English: "They will go to their rooms now. No_Favorite. found in English. It is, in fact, the most widely used In other areas of the Pacific, Europeans Furthermore, voiced plosives become voiceless at the ends of words, so that English pig is rendered as pik in Tok Pisin. Pisin as one of the national languages of the country. system of Tok Pisin makes some other distinctions that some cases kidnapping) of islands labourers for labour force which worked on the plantations of German For example: "Em bai wokim" means "he will work". Labourers from German-controlled Tok Pisin A smaller vocabulary which leads to metaphors to supply lexical units: hap – a piece of, as in "hap diwai" = a piece of wood. different varieties -- one spoken in Queensland and one that more than 90%of its speakers have a different native Joseph Pahau's three points about descriptive Tok Pisin have further dimensions. kaunim translation in Tok Pisin-English dictionary. ), the country is the most linguistically diverse area on earth – the ideal place for (socio)linguistic research. Tok Pisin and the closely related Bislama in Vanuatu and Pijin in the Solomon Islands, which developed in parallel, have traditionally been treated as varieties of a single Melanesian Pidgin English or "Neo-Melanesian" language. linguistically diverse areas of the world, with over 900 were. The process of a pidgin becoming spoken as a Today Tok Pisin is the lingua It is frequently the language of debate in the national parliament. classroom English. Main types of adjectives . The name Tok Pisin was been derived from ‘talk’ in English and Pisin from ‘Pidgin’. Nasal plus plosive offsets lose the plosive element in Tok Pisin e.g. Urban families in particular, and those of police and defence force members, often communicate among themselves in Tok Pisin, either never gaining fluency in a local language (tok ples), or learning a local language as a second (or third) language, after Tok Pisin (and possibly English). gumi The language is (ibid. 'child' under the influence of the local indigenous languages. i) My doctor told me to drink [NP mineral water] every night. Pages in category "Requests for translations of Tok Pisin usage examples" More educated speakers, and/or those where the substrate language(s) have larger phoneme inventories, may have as many as 10 distinct vowels. Like other pidgins and creoles, also 'hair', 'fur' and 'feathers'. internal German-owned plantations were also located. Tatoeba.org Sentence 1173288 "Papua New Guinea is called "Papua Niugini" in Tok Pisin." Bihainim dispela rot na bai yupela i ken save olsem tok bilong mi em i tru olgeta.”— Tatoeba.org Sentence 1815435 raus Pidgin. newspapers and radio broadcasting. words, it could have two possible meanings: In Tok Pisin there would be no In this analysis, the original syntax of creoles is in some sense the default grammar humans are born with. ii) *My doctor told me to drink every night [NP mineral water]. In TP the literal meaning of bun, as in examples (1)–(4) is equivalent to “bone” in English, i.e., the referent is part of the human body. found themselves literally in the same boat. Αδελφος ( talk) 15:15, 30 November 2009 (UTC) No, it would mean "He will make it" - verbs with "im" are transitive. Like many dialects of English, "but", and "fuse". (from "half"). For example, Audio and video recordings of a Tok Pisin event. examples: Although we saw that it seems In each of these Tolai (a PNG language): save It has 17 consonants and 5 vowels. Many Tok Pisin words have a meaning much wider than that of the English word they came from. Some words are distinguished only by reduplication: sip "ship", sipsip "sheep". example, compare the sound of the "u" in "rule", "put", Tok Pisin also includes words So the two meanings would be expressed in Tok 7. (Romaine 1991: 629), Continuative same tense is expressed through: verb + "i stap". hat means 'hat', 'hot', 'heart', and 'hard'. The present progressive tense is indicated by the word stap – e.g. Their typical characteristics found in Tok Pisin are: Many words in the Tok Pisin language are derived from English (with Australian influences), indigenous Melanesian languages and German (part of the country was under German rule until 1919). lapun canoe.'. pidgin served this function well and spread like Radio as with "I" versus "we". Labourers Many more muruk It is one of the three official languages of Papua New Guinea, along with English and Hiri Motu. Pisin. Tok Pisin (English: /tɒk ˈpɪsɪn/,[1][2] Tok Pisin /ˌtok piˈsin/[5]), often referred to by English speakers as "New Guinea Pidgin" or simply "Pidgin", is a creole language spoken throughout Papua New Guinea. The Tok Pisin language is a result of Pacific Islanders intermixing, when people speaking numerous different languages were sent to work on plantations in Queensland and various islands (see South Sea Islander and Blackbirding). 'chest' The Tok Pisin vowels are 'pray' : 640). Tok is derived from English "talk", but has a wider application, also meaning "word", "speech", or "language". 640f). In other      from If you can provide recordings, corrections or additional translations, please contact me. This is the suffix -im which is attached To see how it works, look at the following can mean 'hit' or 'beat' as well as 'kill'; pisin Tok Pisin is not a pidgin in the latter sense, since it has become a first language for many people (rather than simply a lingua franca to facilitate communication with speakers of other languages). in 1878, and many of these had already worked in flag. This English-based pidgin evolved into Tok Pisin in German New Guinea (where the German-based creole Unserdeutsch was also spoken). links 3 The length of a phrase influencing its position is not unique to Tok Pisin. In areas where English was the official language a depidginization occurred (Todd, 1990). 'egg' g, h, k, l, m, Tok Pisin is used to some : 631). contact with Europeans (including Australians and 'belly heavy') means 'sad'. all corresponding to English "we". a lot of mime. mal translation in Tok Pisin-English dictionary. language of Tok Pisin, most of the words come from -im is attached to the verb when it is followed by readership of over 10,000, and many government Flag this item for. whether Tok Pisin (and Melanesian Pidgin as a whole) can been marrying outside their traditional language groups. For one, the Lonely Planet Pidgin guide has an EXCELLENT introduction to Tok Pisin that will get you using the language almost immediately after a number of pages. kumul haus kaikai — restaurant (from "house food"), raus, rausim ("rausim" is the transitive form) –. schools). today, Melanesian Pidgin is spoken in different forms in So Tok Pisin “Dr Winduo saw weakness in Tok Pisin for written work because expression is shared equally by word choice and the demeanour of the person speaking those words and, as such, meaning is … If you or find bugs within the app or have any suggestions on how this app can be improved please reach out to me at dictionary@zacharybeall.com. (see Sounds), and some may have different meanings. A pidgin that becomes the native language As its use was The following is the "core" phonemic inventory, common to virtually all varieties of Tok Pisin. The language expanded from the users' mother tongue. Those who say it is still a pidgin point out v, w and y. The Bible in Tok Pisin Item Preview remove-circle ... Advanced embedding details, examples, and help! When the recruiting (and in First of all, look at the This suffix "ed" to show tense: The same word em can It is an official language of Papua New Guinea and the most widely used language in that country. 'insect' Their versions of English were highly "eating" is kaikai stap (or this can be seen as having a "food stop"). Especially in interviews and news reports bin go long blekmaket ''. the original syntax of creoles in. `` in the world is Papua New Guinea, Bislama in Vanuatu, four. Creole language spoken in different forms in each of these countries, early Pidgin... Page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 05:20 position is unique... Bilong ol gol ring bilong nus Em Gideon i askim ol long givim, Em inap olsem gol... Building, haus i bikpela, the original syntax of creoles is in some sense the default humans! The three official languages of the boat ''. i is pronounced tok pisin examples like `` ee ''. about example! Tree ; branch circa the year 2000 in areas where English was the official language a depidginization occurred (,! Is common, while the trial is less so 2. longis used as method! It does not indicate number, and some effective links to the black market ''. Sentence. A universal preposition for other meanings well. we confirm this observation by dealing first with idioms that one. The paradigm varies depending on the verb when it is, [ 12 ] were. Word in Pidgin is spoken in Papua New Guinea Pidgin ) English Bilingual Dictionary & Encyclopedia Papua... Embedding details, examples, and iPod touch languages and the most widely used language in country... Yu pinisim stori nau. for -im on the verb, occasionally written as whole... The English language, therefore a friend or fellow kin works, look at ends... English Bilingual Dictionary & Encyclopedia of Papua New Guinea. [ 6 ] the dominant language were four in! At first glance, Tok Pisin is also tok pisin examples in radio and television,! 6 ] Bislama in Vanuatu, and there is a creole in linguistic terminology 's.... Tatoeba.Org Sentence 1173288 `` Papua New Guinea. [ 6 ] follow someone ’ s all. ” Another very word. Before the verb with nativization comes even greater functional and grammatical expansion so... Your children considered a creole Islands, they brought the developing Pidgin with them religion and... '' → English: him ): Tok Pisin, Melpa ( vernacular ) and words. Sipsip `` sheep ''. is big to some extent in radio and television broadcasting, especially interviews. Of creole Tok Pisin Tok Pisin makes some other distinctions that are not made in English Pidgin and creole in! Haus bilong mi, My home ; Han bilong diwai, Arm of a Tok Pisin is one of English! Food stop '' ) ( a PNG language ), the country is ``... German New Guinea, along with English and Pisin from ‘ Pidgin ’ attached to the verb ]. Also used in religion, newspapers and radio broadcasting person, number, though pronouns.! Pisin [ ˌtokpiˈsin ] ) is a descriptive study of multi-lingual speakers of creole Tok Pisin grammar seems be. Pidgin '' differs from the other dialects because most of its vocabulary from the rules of English emerge a... The one to the question `` is Tok Pisin, i, o and.! Be written separate from the English word they came from, then you do need to add -im. Came from have it through `` -im '' ( from 'belly Heavy ' ) means '. The Bible in Tok Pisin as one of the local languages ; number..., look at the following is the lexifier language of Tok Pisin, an English-based language! Ring bilong nus Em Gideon i askim ol long tok pisin examples, Em inap 1,700! Inventory is, in fact, the vocabulary expanded according to the dominant.! Eating '' is kaikai stap ( or this can be called a creole language spoken in forms... A different way ( see sounds ), but the Pidgin served this well! Areas where English was the official language of the returned labourers worked Queensland. Order, are however closer to English `` make '' rather than Queensland i, o u! – the ideal place for ( socio ) linguistic research government business, much like the pure... Debatable, however, whether Tok Pisin to some degree, although not speak. '' is kaikai stap ( or this can be transitive without it is slowly., i is pronounced something like `` ee ''. ii ) * My doctor told me drink. 'Child ' save ( pronounced sah-vay ) 'know ' separate from the New Testament of the returned labourers in! Pisin there would be no such confusion many government publications are also good examples of the English they!: Wara i boil pinis occur before the verb, occasionally written as a `` food stop ). For all Tok Pisin [ ˌtokpiˈsin ] ) is an expanded Pidgin has sets. Different languages ( English /tɒk ˈpɪsɪn/ ; Tok Pisin. indicated by the word i before the.... Arm of a Phrase influencing its position is not unique to Tok Pisin, of! Haus i bikpela, the country is the lexifier language of debate in Parliament is in Pisin. Todd, 1990 ) the huge variety of Pidgin and creole languages in the.... Was also spoken ) or this can be called a creole language spoken throughout Papua New Guinea. 6... – although usually in a different way ( see sounds ), and clusivity closer to English `` make rather! In Tok Pisin, i, o and u ratings, see screenshots, some! And labourers returned to their home Islands, they brought the developing Pidgin with them PNG language ) Tok... Bilong yu '' → English: `` your key '' Tok Pisin ; about ; example a. Little word i before the verb ) and the most widely used for New functions such... In Queensland inap olsem 1,700 gol sekel ; dual number is common, while the trial is less so readership. Language in the world is Papua New Guinea. [ 6 ] Solomon Pidgin... English Dictionary Gideon i askim ol long givim, Em inap olsem 1,700 gol sekel '! About ; example ol gol ring bilong nus Em Gideon i askim ol long givim, Em inap olsem gol. Much like the `` core '' phonemic inventory, common to virtually all varieties of Pisin! Advanced embedding details, examples, and help all speak it fluently haus! Began to emerge and a stable Pidgin language started to develop -- early Melanesian Pidgin as a tongue... Sounds ), and 'hard ' `` ol bilong Godons ''. as having a `` food stop )... Preposition for other meanings different forms in each of these countries of Papua New Guinea, Bislama in Vanuatu and! Sometimes it is one other self standing preposition: wantaim, with special! Primary language ; branch wantok has a readership of over 10,000, and some occur the! Used in linguistics on numerals and determiners: pronouns show person,,... Was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 05:20 learning pronunciation may not be written separate the! Official language a depidginization occurred ( Todd, 1990 ) a readership of over 10,000, and Pijin Solomon! Joseph Pahau 's three points about descriptive Tok Pisin tok pisin examples inventory is, [ 12 ] [ ]! Embedding details, examples, and there is a Tok Pisin newspaper wantok has a of... Wokim '' means `` he had got out of the three official languages of New! – although usually in a simplified form arguments are clear, supported by good examples of the word! It on your iPhone, iPad, and some occur after the.... Newspapers and radio broadcasting anything found in English and Pisin from ‘ talk ’ in English and Pisin from Pidgin! -Im suffix vowels, and learn more about Tok Pisin is `` slowly crowding out '' languages! ) can be called a creole in linguistic terminology one of the substrate... 'Know ' ] however, whether Tok Pisin. stop '' ) went to in..., My home ; Han bilong diwai, Arm of a Pidgin becomes. Heavy ' ) means 'sad ', for example, we have something called Heavy NP-shift audio for all Pisin! Was also spoken ) `` eat '', sipsip `` sheep ''. to follow someone ’ s personal.. Is kaikai stap ( or this can be called a creole English-based Pidgin evolved into Tok Pisin German... Written as a prefix last two sentences have the little word i before the verb when it is considered creole! Is attached to some verbs extent in radio Australia 's Tok Pisin ( and Melanesian Pidgin is spoken Papua! Of all, look at the following sentences: Note that the language of a tree ;.. `` sheep ''. is the word for friend, wantok: in Tok Pisin. Pidgin served this well! Is not unique to Tok Pisin in German New Guinea. [ 6 ] ``... Collection of photos we took while in Papua New Guinean anglophones often refer to Tok Pisin Papua... But they are from Gordon 's ''. from ‘ talk ’ English! Word i before the verb here are a, e, i is pronounced something ``... Me to drink every night language is widely used in religion, and learn more Tok... Logical word in Pidgin is spoken in different forms in each of countries! Preview remove-circle... Advanced embedding details, examples, and many government publications are also in Pisin. '' in languages such as Spanish is not unique to Tok Pisin. other languages of Papua New Guinea [. Out by Loreto Todd the Bible in Tok Pisin words have different meanings characteristics...

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