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publisher: Indiana University Press isbn10 | asin: print isbn13 : 9780253210289 ebook isbn13: 9780585109213 language: English subject Theodicy. For example, someone who raises the problem of evil may be referring to the religious/emotional problem of evil, the logical problem of evil, the evidential problem of evil, moral evil, or natural evil, just to name a few. James E. Tomberlin. 1.) The answer is “nothing” if you focus on the subject matter of those debates, but quite a bit if you focus on the structure of the reasoning in those debates. Selected Answer: Fals e Question 19 3 out of 3 points Skeptical Theism is the view that one is skeptical of God's goodness as a reply to the evidential problem of evil. Logical problem - schleiermacher that a perfect world could go wrong would mean evil had created itself out of nothing Free will - the fact that gods creatures chose to obey him shows they already have a knowledge about God How can a good creature turn away from God Hell is part of universal design But the demise of the logical problem of evil is a victory for theism that is far from limited. Evidential Arguments from Evil. argued everything was caused by the previous, at some point there has to be an infinite thing (God) that caused everything, 4 Ways, They were designed to end infinite regress by using motion, causation, contingency, and degree, Argument for Motion (4 Ways, Thomas Aquinas), argues for the existence of the prime mover or God; that God is a static mover who started motion, argues for the existence of a God by saying there has to be an initial causer who caused everything else (God), argues for the existence of God by saying God is a necessary being who has always existed will always exist, and can't not exist because if he didn't, then there would have to be something that came before him which would lead down infinite regress. going beyond all epistemological or empirical understanding. someone who is not sure whether or not God exists and reserves judgement, Claims that the essential feature of religious belief is a certain "attitude" that the religious person has toward his or her surroundings. What was more important to St. Augustine faith or reason? title: The Evidential Argument From Evil author: Howard-Snyder, Daniel. 1. - must be afterlife so that "their total life is in balance a good life"-will readdress balance of suffering and make sure everyone has good life. Of course, you think: “the victory claimed for theism is remarkably limited” and withdraw to the evidential problem of evil, where plausibility is indeed relevant. Who argued for the teleological argument? God oversaw fall of humanity but still chose to sends Jesus, -attractive to those who accept authority of scripture-heavily based on biblical teaching eg creation,fall, doctrine of incarnation and judgement, -difficult to absolve God of all responsibly as he created imperfect humans- Augustine side steps problem and ignores gods role, Hick was influenced by St Irenaeus, who believed that humans were not made in perfect form, instead they were made "in the image of God" and then after that they go through the stage of becoming like God, -Hick acknowledges God's responsibility for evil as he created humans in an imperfect form, however he's not to blame as he is allowing evil for a greater good, Hick claims that God deliberately created humans "in his own image" so that they could progress into "children of God". Holocaust, genocide in Rwanda, 9/11, A result of the malfunctioning of the natural world, which producers suffering eg Asian tsunami, -States that God cannot be omnipotent, omnibenevolent and allow evil to exist, as otherwise he would be able to stop suffering and want to. No rewards and no punishments (doesn't life also have rewards?). The Problem of Evil and Skeptical Theism's Skepticism. How does Swinburne's theodicy fit in with the concepts of incarnation and incarnation l? Selected Answer: Tru e Question 18 3 out of 3 points The problem of divine hiding is only a problem for nonbelievers. -"all evil is either sin, or punishment for sin"-humans deserve intense punishment and so it is not too severe, if anything for Augustine it is not severe enough. What are the 3 stages of life according to Soren Kierkegaard? How did Kant oppose the ontological argument? What are the characteristics of the supreme being in western theology? a passionate commitment to God that defied reason or logic, that belief in god is irrational and based on personal experience of God, claimed that Christianity should be passionate, inward, and subjective commitment, Dostoyevsky, Marx, Nietzsche, and Freud doubted religion, a story written by Dostoevsky that explores the dichotomy of faith vs. reason, "Man makes religion, religion does not make man.". The problem of evil is often formulated in two forms: the logical problem of evil and the evidential problem of evil. What was the good choice of free will for St. Augustine? J.L. Something that's morally reproachable and cause others to suffer e.g. What did Friedrich Nietzsche believe about faith? Is the universe in control in process theodicy? Did William James pick rational or irrational faith? Daniel Howard Snyder, Indianapolis: Indiana University Press, 1996). His argument is based on the evidence of: a) the kind of horrendous evils there are in the world; and b the amount of such horrendous evils in the world (= gratuitous suffering, or pointless suffering). What were Karl Marx's 4 Basic principles of a Communist Society? The problem of evil is certainly the greatest obstacle to belief in the existence of God. What did Sigmund Freud believe about faith? Explains why so many suffer and why it's so intense and long lasting Evidential – evidential problem of evil is the problem of detrermining whether and, if so, to what extent the existence of evil (or certain instances, knds, quantities, or distributions of evil) constitutes evidence against the existence of God. 3. their supreme being is Allah (most common of 99 names). What was the bad choice of free will for St. Augustine? an attempt to show that the existence of evil does not rule out the possibility of God's existence. - a theodicy that argues that God maximized the goodness in the world by creating free beings. What is the principle of plenitude Augustine uses? How did Gaunilo oppose the ontological argument? What were the 4 Noble Truths of Buddhism? What is the evidential argument from evil. The first and perhaps most important step of this stage-setting process will be to identify and clarify the conception of God that is normally presupposed in contemporary debates (at least within the Anglo-American analytic tradition) on the problem of evil. Stephen Law on the Problem of Evil. This interview on Philosophy Bites with Stephen Law, Heythrop College, University of London, editor of Think, by David Edmonds and Nigel Warburton provides a concise exposition of the logical and the evidential aspects of the problem of evil. This can cause problems for many Christians, as they believe in a loving, powerful and all-knowing God. D) Augustine’s Theodicy. Studies in Philosophy and Religion, vol 27. Evil is deviation or privation of goodness and is not a separate and unique substance. In: The God Beyond Belief. What are the counterpoints to the cosmological argument? Selected Answer: Tru e Question 18 3 out of 3 points The problem of divine hiding is only a problem for nonbelievers. You concede that God’s existence is logically possible. ), The Evidential Argument from Evil, ed. -God is omnipotent, but can only do what is logically possible, and so created free agents and allowed potential for evil. the bad choice was the City of Man - choice of this world and pleasure. -higher order offence: natural evil helps us develop emotional response and it gives them an opportunity to feel compassion,sympathy ect. arguments from evil look only at how likely it is that God exists given the evil in the world, Draper approaches the problem differently. Pragmatism, argues that the finite amount of time and energy used in this life - going to church, being a good person, etc. faith that relies on reason, logic, and can be understood practically, the argument that it is in one's own best interest to behave as if God exists since believing in God gives better moral life and eternal rewards whereas being atheist either sends you to hell or gives you nothing. What did St. Augustine believe about evil? The next step will involve providing an outline of some important concepts and distincti… -must be afterlife as only supremely perfect future in heaven would justify the scale and distribution of evil in the world. This problem is usually called “the problem of evil.” But this is a bad name for what philosophers study under that rubric. Also God is omnibenevolent and would not allow the scale of suffering if it wasn't for the greater good. Daniel Howard-Snyder (Bloomington 1996), 151-174. Page i The Evidential Argument from Evil Selected Answer: Fals e Question 19 3 out of 3 points Skeptical Theism is the view that one is skeptical of God's goodness as a reply to the evidential problem of evil. 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